Inter-Tech Overload
Industrial and Manufacturing

Medical Device Coatings Are Advancing At a Rapid Pace

November 17, 2016 by · Leave a Comment 

Improved patient outcomes are being tied to advanced medical device coatings.

medical-worldWhen it comes to medical device coatings, today’s technological advancements have allowed for improvements in therapeutic treatment. The coating materials formulas that are available for use makes it possible to deliver a wide array of therapeutic drugs and agents to elicit a range of tissue and bodily responses. It has helped thousands of patients and specialists when it comes to effective and positive treatment distribution. It continues to be developed today and look for it to have an even more profound effect on today’s medical industry.

An Example of Coating Usage

A device that is prone to the development of an infection will benefit from a coating that delivers antimicrobial drugs to inhibit the growth of foreign cells. Another example is a coating that provides a surface onto which certain cells may attach and grow. The outcome of the therapeutic coating impacts the overall time over which the coating acts. Also the PVD coating equipment used will also have a profound effect on the coating type.

For instance, a sputter coater that has enhanced capabilities in regards to providing the coating with additional medical films, may allow for specialists to treat conditions that may not be treated with standard coatings. This gives healthcare professionals options and flexibility in regards to patient treatment. Time will only tell whether or not there will be an expansion into which more serious and concerning illnesses and life-threatening diseases can be addressed through the use of medical device coatings.


Denton Vacuum, LLC manufacturers the finest vacuum coating systems available today. For more information, visit them online today.

Critical Factors of Physical Vapor Deposition

February 27, 2016 by · Leave a Comment 

Written by: Denton Vacuum, LLC

Prior to the coating process, consider all of the factors that play into quality of the film.

Physical vapor deposition coating, or PVD coating, is one of the simplest and most commonly used methods for deposition. That being said, the process of PVD coating requires the user to focus on critical aspects that directly affect the quality of the deposited material.

Features

The process of PVD coating occurs in a high vacuum environment with plasma being activated to reach extreme temperatures. The temperatures that the substrate is coated with reach a ballpark figure of 450 degrees to 1000 degrees.

Critical Factors

The most critical factor that the user needs to prioritize is the sterility of the surface. Any contaminant or dirty texture will result in a faulty thin film placed.

The sputter deposition system that is being used must be a god tool design and have cutting edge micro-geometry. It’s crucial that the parameters are optimized for minimized risks. Additionally there needs to be proper heat treatment – overheating will cause a drastic decrease in quality.

Be cautious that sharp edges are correctly honed or dulled. This will cause the thin film to tear and end up being a waste. A recommendation is to treat, as well as decontaminate, the surface to prevent any residue from forming.

Results

Through proper care and treatment, there should be a nano-grained, hard, and lubricated coating that has a high quality surface area. In order to come out with the best solution, the proper type of metal must be analyzed prior to beginning the process – the PVD system must configure to the specific metal used. It’s too often that the wrong metal is used, allowing the heat treatment to ruin the film layer.

How Deposition Plays a Role in the Food Industry

October 30, 2015 by · Leave a Comment 

Written by: Denton Vacuum, LLC

Summary: Learn how the food industry utilizes the process of deposition.

In the food packaging industry, plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) are both important applications that are widely used throughout the industry.

Two of the most important types of application in food packaging in regards to coating are silicone oxide and amorphous carbon solely based on their properties.

PECVD is a process where a thin film is produced on top of a particle. It utilizes plasma to allow for deposition at lower temperatures. The process consists of a substrate, the target, being layered with a film that starts out as a gas but through chemical reactions becomes a solid. The food industry has been using this type of technique for a long period of time which proves how efficient it has been – and still is today.

PVD is a physical method that also creates a thin film but does not involve chemical reactions. These types of thin films take on the appearance of foil, but are a lot stronger and thinner. In the food industry, these metallization processes were used for microwave-heating susceptibility purposes. This method continues to be utilized today and has become a basis for further enhancement and research to uncover more efficient techniques.

Another application still used in the food industry today is thin film evaporation which, hence the name evaporates the thin film coating from a liquid to a gas. Done through heat and mass exchangers, these types of evaporators give workers the ability to retain certain physical and chemical features needed when packing food.

Three Types of Advanced Manufacturing

February 10, 2015 by · Leave a Comment 

Written by: Denton Vacuum, LLC

Advanced manufacturing allows to create devices and parts that “borrow” the property of one substance and lend it to another. A good example of this borrowing is the screw, which can be made out of plastic and metalized with steel or iron to increase its durability.

The precise cooling of materials has led to several manufacturing breakthroughs. Here, we explore three major methods used in a variety of consumer and industrial-grade products.

Sputter Deposition

Sputtering is an important part of the natural sciences, although you might not believe it at first glance. A sputter coating of a conductive metal is often applied to a scientific specimen. This thin layer of highly conductive metal prevents the actual subject from receiving the charge that is common when a scanning electron microscope is used. Although this method is inferior to X-Ray, it’s useful to magnify up to 500,000 times.

Vacuum Deposition

Vacuum deposition systems help to evenly coat the surface of a substrate, and are used frequently in the enhancement of medical devices. A coating such as a lubricant can be applied evenly to a substrate like a catheter. The end result is a device that slips seamlessly into the patient. Anti-microbial coatings even keep patients safe from internal infections.

Magnetron Sputtering

A magnetron sputtering system is used when a coating of metals is needed. The magnets in the system push particles with the opposite charge around the chamber, which eventually settles them onto the substrate. The device is fitted with a rotating arm, which gives the substrate an even coating.


 

Bio: Denton Vacuum, LLC sells vacuum deposition systems used in a variety of industrial processes.

What are MEMs?

January 10, 2015 by · Leave a Comment 

Summary: MEMs are an exciting revolution in modern manufacturing.

When you turn your smartphone on its side, the technology inside that makes the screen flip to a panoramic view is what’s known as a microelectromechanical systems. MEMs are somewhat different from nanotechnology, technically larger in size, but function very much the same way. Once it become plausible to utilize advanced manufacturing techniques like plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition, MEMs became one step closer to becoming reality.

How MEMs are Made

MEMs are made using a number of techniques depending on what is needed. In bulk, they are bonded to glass plates using a process similar to etching. PECVD is used to etch micron-thin layers of materials onto the surface of the substrate. The process helps to cut down on unevenness in the layers, which can affect the application for the MEM system. If the layer is too thick, for example, it may inhibit MEMs from working as an accelerometer.

Using MEMS

MEMs already find a variety of uses in objects we use every day. Smartphones are the most obvious, but anything that uses accelerometer technology utilizes MEMs in some form or another. MEMs commonly appear as sensors, actuators, or structures. You also find MEMs used in inkjet printers, where they help disperse ink over the paper to make whatever design is being printed similar to the process used in a magnetron sputtering system. MEMs even find a home in the receiver of a cell phone, where they are used to make the microphone that you speak through.

MEMs are bringing nanotechnology into the realm of the everyday, and they are becoming cheaper to produce as time goes by.

How GPU works in Aircrafts

December 14, 2014 by · Leave a Comment 

Written by Start Pac

 

Generally, most starter motors and generators operate on turbine engines that work alongwith 30 volts without causing any damage. The highest amount of amperage draw is felt at the moment when the starter is activated. The amperage figure could climb up to 1000 amps on certain gas turbine start up engines.

 

As the startup continues, requirements in terms of amperage drop down throughout the activation cycle. A battery would need to be in good state by this time in order to minimize a voltage drop as a considerable load is applied during the start up. Usually as a load is applied to a battery, the voltage would tend to drop if the load is increased. In order to effectively start turbines, the voltage drop would need to be kept to a minimum.

 

Lower battery voltage levels will exude a lesser amount of amperage. Certain starter motors might even pull batteries down to 15 volts at the first phase during the activation of start up. Most engines manufacturers would recommend a volt of around 28.5 at start if this is available in order to limit any voltage drop to a minimum.

 

In order to achieve this, external ground power units (GPU) are used. In this particular case, it can be beneficial to the turbine engine as 20% of the energy is sent to the starter motor which makes the start more rapid and generates less heat. This increases the turbine life.

 

Start Pac is a company specializing in starting and ground power units. Some of their products offerings also include portable battery packs and aircraft maintenance equipment.

How GPU works in Aircrafts

December 13, 2014 by · Leave a Comment 

Written by Start Pac

Generally, most starter motors and generators operate on turbine engines that work alongwith 30 volts without causing any damage. The highest amount of amperage draw is felt at the moment when the starter is activated. The amperage figure could climb up to 1000 amps on certain gas turbine start up engines.

As the startup continues, requirements in terms of amperage drop down throughout the activation cycle. A battery would need to be in good state by this time in order to minimize a voltage drop as a considerable load is applied during the start up. Usually as a load is applied to a battery, the voltage would tend to drop if the load is increased. In order to effectively start turbines, the voltage drop would need to be kept to a minimum.

Lower battery voltage levels will exude a lesser amount of amperage. Certain starter motors might even pull batteries down to 15 volts at the first phase during the activation of start up. Most engines manufacturers would recommend a volt of around 28.5 at start if this is available in order to limit any voltage drop to a minimum.

In order to achieve this, external ground power units (GPU) are used. In this particular case, it can be beneficial to the turbine engine as 20% of the energy is sent to the starter motor which makes the start more rapid and generates less heat. This increases the turbine life.

Start Pac is a company specializing in starting and ground power units. Some of their products offerings also include portable battery packs and aircraft maintenance equipment.

How a Ground Power Unit Works

December 2, 2014 by · Leave a Comment 

Written by: StartPac

Airplanes are grounded for minutes, sometimes hours at a time. The planes are shut off during this time to allow crews to perform diagnostics, and for the admission of passengers. As you sit down on the plane, you’ll notice lights come on and various mechanical noises come from the cabin. This is the normal sound of the airplane receiving a jumpstart and whirring to life. A ground power unit is needed to complete this procedure, giving the engines the spark they need to jolt to life.

Turbine Systems

Jet engines run on a system of turbines, where air is forced through to create spinning. The force of the air creates the spin, so much power is needed to lift the jet off the ground. The engines will provide this power, but they need the initial jump to begin spinning and forcing air through. That’s where turbine starting units come into play.

These units are typically portable, mounted to trailers and dragged across the tarmac. They may be mounted to the ground as well. They have a connector that fits into any standard plane, so one power unit can typically service an entire fleet of planes just based on connection type. However, these units have charges and fuel levels of their own. It’s not uncommon to find several hundred of these units in a major commercial airport for efficiency’s sake.

Power in Airplanes

Cars run on batteries, and they are charged as you drive. The battery holds enough of a charge to turn the engine over, then your car does the rest of the charging itself as you move. Planes don’t work like that.

Planes use an auxiliary power unit to power the rest of their system, so you can think of jumpstarting a plan as something you do in phases. The first step is hooking the APU up to the ground unit, then the APU is fired up. That energy is then used to power the remaining flight systems and get the plane ready for take off. An APU is like turning the key halfway on a car. The plan can perform most of its cabin functions, like AC or lighting, but doesn’t have the juice to take off.

Final Thoughts

An airplane starting unit has to meet specific criteria before it can be used on a commercial aircraft. New guidelines demand charging units that have a starting range of up to 43,000 feet, which is related to the altitude where a plane might receive a jump.

Related Story: Portable Power is Essential

Related Story: Auxiliary Power Unit

Portable Power Is Essential

September 8, 2014 by · Leave a Comment 

By Start Pac

Have you ever had a bad dream that involved a blackout? Are you the owner of a business who has worried about what would happen to revenues if the power all of a sudden went out? Perhaps, as a homeowner, you’ve seen news stories that reminded you of how bad things can be when you don’t have the power supply you take for granted, but no less rely on.

Fortunately, there are a number of options that can help you sleep well at night. Something like a 28 volt battery pack is a good example of this. A pack like this is highly portable and is full of the electricity you need for charging plenty of large pieces of equipment.

However, a portable GPU is an even better option still. You can get all sorts of power from these products and they’ll ensure everything from the lights to an airplane battery can get going when you think all hope is loss. Many use them on a daily basis to get the power they need, no matter what the status of their normal electricity is.

So no matter what your needs may be, portable power can do it all and more.

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Portable power units are absolutely critical for many business solutions, but they can also be a real luxury for other purposes too. In any case, if you need a little extra ground power (e.g. a 24 volt power supply) for either purpose, you’d do well to head over to Start PAC and see what they have to offer.